Introduction: Celtic Knot Walking Stick
I decided to make my own walking stick. My knee plays up every now and then, and using a stick or pole like the one I made is great for bush walking, especially up and down steep hills/mountains.
I could have just used a plain pole, but I thought I would add some basic decoration to it to make it more interesting to look at and use, but also because I like to do creative things.
To make a walking stick like mine, all you need it a wooden pole (I used Oak Dowel), some coloured tape (I used electrical tape), a pencil or marker (I used a sharpie), some chisels and optional is a rotary tool like a Dremel.
I made some videos to show how I made the walking stick, and in my videos I did use a Dremel for the top design, but the bottom part of the stick I didn't use a Dremel at all, just chisels, so if you don;t have a Dremel, chisels are fine.
Step 1: Materials
Materials I used are:
Tasmanian Oak Dowel - 1" or 25.4 mm Diameter Thick and 6' or 1,8 m Long- $16
Electrical Tape - $2
Pencil & or Sharpie - $5
Chisels - I used flat beveled chisels, not gouges. Price will vary depending on brand/quality but cheap ones will do the job.
Dremel - I used one with a flexible shaft too as it was easier to hold for long periods. You will see it in a later video of the intructable.
Safety Glasses - Definitely wear these when using power tools
Sand Paper - I used 120 to 360 grit paper - $3
The final finish you want to use is up to you. I used a cabinet makers wax, but you could use a wood oil of your choice, varnish, or polyurethane. - Price varies depending on what you use.
I also used 0000 grade steel wool and an old cotton t-shirt as a rag to buff the wax.
Colouring the wood. You can use wood stains if you want, but i experimented with natural chemical reaction processes.
As I used Oak, Oak has tannin's in it which can be activated using different substances.
I first used bi-car soda and water on the wood, which did change the colour but it was minimal.
Next I put 4 black tea bags in a small amount of boiling water, left it to steep for about an hour, then applied the water/tea to the wood. This darkened the wood a lot more than the bi-carb soda. I applied a few coats but still wasn't happy.
The last thing I tried was cutting up some small amount of the steel wool and put it into a glass jar with pure white vinegar. I left this sit 4 days, stirring occasionally, then applied to the wood. This worked very well and the wood is now much darker.
Step 2: Part 1 - Putting on the Celtic Knot Braid Design
The video will give you a good idea of how i went about doing this.
I used the electrical tape and wound it around the pole to get the pattern laid out. The tape needs to wrap around at a constant 45degree angle around the pole.
Ensure the spacing is equal between each tape line. The video gives more detail on how to do this.
Step 3: Part 2 - Scoring the Pattern Lines Into the Wood
This video I use a chisel to score the lines in the wood. You can do this without the rotary tool, but next video I show how I do it using the Dremel.
Please take care when using a chisel to score the lines. Ensure you keep all body parts out of the way of the direction of the chisel when applying pressure to it.
Make sure you have the pole on a hard surface such as a bench or the floor (like I do in the video), so you can apply fir but controlled pressure on the pole.
In this step we are cutting the wood fibres to make an indentation in the wood, scribing the lines into the wood. This indentation is called a stop cut. It is called that because when you are carving towards the line, the fact you have cut the fibres when you scored the wood, stops the chisel slipping past the line which would ruin your work by taking off wood you didn't want to remove.
Step 4: Part 3 - Using Dremel to Scribe Design Lines Into Wood
This step is similar to the previous, except I use the Dremel rotary tool instead of the chisel.
Make sure you wear safety glasses, if a bit breaks on the Dremel, it could potentially blind you if you are hit in the eye with the high speed the Dremel runs at.
I used a cutting wheel bit which worked well for this project. The cutting wheel was much faster than using the chisel.
Step 5: Part 4 - Carving the Design Using the Dremel
Using a certain type of cutter bit (shown in video), I carve the over and under of the braid of the Celtic Knot.
Make sure to wear your safety glasses.
Step 6: Part 5 - Using the Dremel to Carve Diamonds
Similar to the previous step, I use the Dremel again, but I changed cutter bits to a different type (shown in video) to cut the diamond shape spaces between the braids.
The bit I used is round and left a rounded scalloping effect in the wood which I deal with in the next step.
Step 7: Part 6 - Use Chisels to Sharpen Wood Edges of Carving
In this video, I use a chisel to sharpen up the edges of the carving. It still looks a bit rough in the end of the video, but after I re-sharpened my chisel properly, it was super sharp to make a nice clean cut.
The final cleaning up of the edges of the wood isn't shown as I didn't make another video after this one.
I gave the wood a final sand with 320 grit sand paper, then applied the white vinegar and steel wool mix. I applied to coats allowing it to become dry between coats.
Finally I used the steel wool and dipped it into the cabinet makers wax, then rubbed into the wood in the direction of the grain of the wood. I then used an old cotton t-shirt and rubbed the wax with a lot of pressure to really buff it up.
I have made a video on another instructable I did on making a pallet wood bench that shows the waxing technique. Or the video here
I hope you found this helpful for your own project.