Radio Frequency - Joystick Control Bot

Introduction: Radio Frequency - Joystick Control Bot

In this instructable I will be showing you how to build a radio frequency - joystick control robot. This bot movements are controlled with the help of a joystick and it is completely wireless as in this I have used a RF 433 MHz transmitter reciever module. What surprises me is that it really does not mess up.

This was just a short introduction, everything else from theory, building, and programming will be explained in later steps.

Parts List:-

  • Arduino Nano - 2
  • RF 433 Mhz Transmitter-reciever module - 1
  • L293D - 1
  • Joystick - 1
  • Breadboard -1
  • Cardboard - As per required
  • Caster wheel - 1
  • BO motors - 2
  • BO motor wheels - 2
  • LiPo Battery - 1
  • Jumper Wires - As per required

Step 1: Module Specification

We have used RF transmitter-reciever module(As shown in above figures) to transmitt data from our joystick to the robot.

This module has a specification for:-

Transmitter :

Working voltage: 3V - 12V fo max. power use 12V

Working current: max Less than 40mA max , and min 9mA

Resonance mode: (SAW)

Modulation mode: ASK

Working frequency: Eve 315MHz Or 433MHz

Transmission power: 25mW (315MHz at 12V)

Frequency error: +150kHz (max)

Velocity : less than 10Kbps

So this module will transmit up to 90m in open area .

Receiver :

Working voltage: 5.0VDC +0.5V

Working current:≤5.5mA max

Working method: OOK/ASK

Working frequency: 315MHz-433.92MHz

Bandwidth: 2MHz

Sensitivity: excel –100dBm (50Ω)

Transmitting velocity: <9.6Kbps (at 315MHz and -95dBm)

NOTE:- the use of an optional antenna will increase the effectiveness of your wireless communication. A simple wire will do the trick.

Joystick -

Analog joysticks are a great way to add some control in your projects.

We need 5 connections to the joystick.
The connection are : Key, Y, X, Voltage and Ground. "Y and X" are Analog and "Key" is Digital.

If you don't need the switch then you can use only 4 pins.

Step 2: Schematics

the connection for this module is very easy .

for Transmitter :

Vcc >>>>5V

ATAD>>>D4"You can change it as you like from Software" .

Gnd >>> Gnd

Receiver :

Vcc>>>>5V

Data>>>D2

Gnd>>>Gnd

joystick:-

Vcc>>>>5V

Gnd>>>Gnd

X>>>A0

Y>>>A1

Key>>>D2"Connect this to arduino only if you need to use this"

L293D:-

10>>>D6

15>>>D5

2>>>D9

7>>>D10

1,8,9,16>>>5V

4,5,12,13>>>GND

11,14>>>Motor A

3,6>>>Motor B

Step 3: Code

Just copy this code to your Arduino IDE. You have to copy the code of transmitter in one Aduino program and of reciever to another program.

The code of transmitter will be uploaded to that arduino on which joystick is interfaced and the code of reciever will be connected to the arduino on the bot.

Transmitter Code:-

(NOTE:-

  • First calibrate your joystick using serial monitor to get your joystick respective values).
  • AS I have to send 4 data bits i have used 4 legs of transmitter to send 4 bits instead one data bit that is shown in schematics)

void setup() {
// put your setup code here, to run once:

pinMode(5, OUTPUT);

pinMode(6, OUTPUT);

pinMode(9, OUTPUT);

pinMode(10, OUTPUT);

// Serial.begin(9600);

}

void loop() {

int a = analogRead(A0);

int b = analogRead(A1);

// Serial.print(a);

// Serial.print("\\\\");

// Serial.println(b);

if (b >= 700 && b < 1023 && a >= 500 && a <= 540 ) {

digitalWrite(5, 0); // FORWARD

digitalWrite(6, 1);

digitalWrite(9, 0);

digitalWrite(10, 1);

}

if (b < 200 && a >= 500 && a <= 540 ) {

digitalWrite(5, 1); // REVERSE

digitalWrite(6, 0);

digitalWrite(9, 1);

digitalWrite(10, 0);

}

if (a >= 700 && a < 1023 && b >= 500 && b <= 540 ) {

digitalWrite(5, 0); // right

digitalWrite(6, 1);

digitalWrite(9, 1);

digitalWrite(10, 0);

}

if (a < 200 && b >= 500 && b <= 540 ) {

digitalWrite(5, 1); // left

digitalWrite(6, 0);

digitalWrite(9, 0);

digitalWrite(10, 1);

}

if (a >= 500 && a <= 540 && b >= 500 && b <= 540 ) {

digitalWrite(5, 0); // stop

digitalWrite(6, 0);

digitalWrite(9, 0);

digitalWrite(10, 0);

}

}

Reciever Code:-

(NOTE:- As I have to recieve 4 data bits i have used 4 legs of reciever instead of one data bit as shown in schematic.

void setup() {
// put your setup code here, to run once:

pinMode(9, INPUT);

pinMode(10, INPUT);

pinMode(11, INPUT);

pinMode(12, INPUT);

pinMode(5, OUTPUT);

pinMode(6, OUTPUT);

pinMode(9, OUTPUT);

pinMode(10, OUTPUT);

}

void loop() {

int a, b, c, d;

a = digitalRead (9);

b = digitalRead (10);

c = digitalRead (11);

d = digitalRead (12);

if (a == 0 && b == 1 && c == 0 && d == 1) {

digitalWrite(5, 1);

digitalWrite(6, 0);

digitalWrite(9, 1);

digitalWrite(10, 0);

}

if (a == 1 && b == 0 && c == 1 && d == 0) {

digitalWrite(5, 0);

digitalWrite(6, 1);

digitalWrite(9, 0);

digitalWrite(10, 1);

}

if (a == 0 && b == 1 && c == 1 && d == 0) {

digitalWrite(5, 0);

digitalWrite(6, 1);

digitalWrite(9, 1);

digitalWrite(10, 0);

}

if (a == 1 && b == 0 && c == 0 && d == 1) {

digitalWrite(5, 1);

digitalWrite(6, 0);

digitalWrite(9, 0);

digitalWrite(10, 1);

}

if (a == 0 && b == 0 && c == 0 && d == 0) {

digitalWrite(5, 0);

digitalWrite(6, 0);

digitalWrite(9, 0);

digitalWrite(10, 0);

}

}

Share

    Recommendations

    • Fix It! Contest

      Fix It! Contest
    • Tiny Home Contest

      Tiny Home Contest
    • Water Contest

      Water Contest

    2 Discussions

    awsm bro... :)

    Neat build, it looks pretty responsive :)